was an important city in Upper Egypt, lying on the
left bank of the Nile, about 100km
south from Luxor. During the reign of the
Old State, Edfu (the capital of the second
province in Upper Egypt ) enjoyed
enormous prosperity. Nowadays,
this city is known by its grand temple
which was devoted to the worship of the great God
of the Heavens falcon 'Horus', the God
of Baholt town.
This temple is considered
one of the most important religious
monuments in Egypt. During the reign
of King Ptolomy III (237 B.C. ), the
construction of Edfu temple
began, yet it was not finished
until 57 B.C. because
of some intrigues
and plots hatched at Thebes at that time.
length of the temple is 137m,
while its width is 79m and its height 376m.
Tourists are undoubtedly
fascinated by the wonderful condition
of the perfectly preserved
temple, its buildings, ceilings, halls, etc... are
all complete and intact so that
one might imagine seeing the priests and their
assistants in their
snow-white robes wondering
here and there.
Furthermore, the temple is
surrounded by a number
of secondary buildings
attached o the temple, such as the 'Mammsi'.
It is noteworthy that the temple is
characterized by an enormous quantity of
inscriptions covering the walls.